Dog Urolithiasis

Treatment and Symptoms of Dog Urolithiasis

Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health - Description of Dog Urolithiasis

Description of Dog Urolithiasis. The definition of Dog Urolithiasis is the formation of stones (calculi or uroliths) in the urinary tract. Stones are most commonly found in the bladder but can be found in any part of the urinary tract, the kidneys or the urethra. Almost all dog breeds are susceptible to bladder stones. Female dogs are more prone than male dogs and smaller breeds are more often affected than large breeds. Bladder stones are also sometimes referred to as uroliths and they usually occur on dogs aged between four and six years. Older dogs can also develop stones.

Bladder stones are caused by a lot of factors. It may be due to some chronic infections and metabolic problems. Bladder stones in dogs can be mild, however they can cause serious damage if left untreated. The pain caused by the stones can also range from mild pain to extremely painful.  Genetics, Bacterial Infections, Certain Metabolic Diseases and Diet are all factors that can lead to the development of Urolithiasis.

Dogs Symptoms & Canine Health Index


Symptoms of Dog Urolithiasis

Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health - Dog Urolithiasis - General Canine Observations
When you are worried about your pet dogs or puppies it is wise to make general observations and a note of your dog's general well-being before considering a health issue and problem such as Dog Urolithiasis. Overall physical condition? Mental attitude? Appetite? Condition of bowels and urinary apparatus? The nose of healthy dogs or puppies is moist and cool but in sick dogs it is usually hot and dry. Hair loss? Dry skin? Discharges? These general observations are useful to consider whilst checking out the symptoms of Dog Urolithiasis.

There are several types of bladder stones:

Struvite stones - Also referred to as Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate stones due to their composition. This type of stone is usually the result of a Bacterial infection in the urinary tract. Struvite stones can occur as multiple stones or one large stone. This type of stone is most common in female dogs and certain breeds such as Miniature Schnauzers, Bichon Frises, and Cocker Spaniels are more prone to Struvite stones. A diet with a reduced amount of protein and an increase in salt can be effective in dissolving this type of stone.

Calcium oxalate stones - These form in an acidic to neutral urine and can result from Addison's disease, Cushings disease or cancer. Calcium Oxalate stones are most common in male dogs and Miniature Schnauzers, Lhasa Apsos, Yorkshire Terriers, Miniature Poodles and Shih Tzus are breeds that are more prone to this type of small stone. Urohydropropulsion is the preferred method of removing this type of stone. This method of stone removal uses a catheter to fill the bladder of a sedated dog with saline. The bladder is then squeezed and stones are removed through the urethra.

Urate stones - This type of stone forms in an acidic to neutral urine. They are usually small and smooth stones and form due to increased excretion of uric acid in the urine.  Male Bulldogs and Dalmations are the breeds most prone to this type of stone. Dogs suffering from Liver Disease are also more likely to develop this type of stone. Urate stones can be dissolved through diet.

Cystine stones - These stones form in acidic to neutral urine and are usually smooth and round. Male dogs are more prone to developing Cystine stones and the breed affected include Bulldogs, Dachshunds, Basset Hounds, Chihuahuas, Yorkshire Terriers, Irish Terriers, and Newfoundlands. A reduced protein diet is recommended to reduce the formation of this type of stone.

Calcium phosphate stones - This type of stone forms in neutral to alkaline urine and are usually smooth and round. Yorkshire Terriers, Miniature Schnauzers, and Cocker Spaniels are breeds that are more prone to Calcium phosphate stones.

Silicate stones - These usually form in acidic to neutral urine. German Shepherd Dogs, Golden Retrievers , Labrador Retrievers and Miniature
Schnauzers are breeds that are more prone to this type of stone. A diet high in silicates is believed to lead to formation of these stones, foods rich in silicates include corn gluten and soy bean hulls.
 

Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health - Symptoms of Dog Urolithiasis
Dog Urolithiasis symptoms may include the following:

  • Dog Urolithiasis symptoms - Blood in the urine
  • Dog Urolithiasis symptoms - Difficulty in Urination
  • Dog Urolithiasis symptoms - Frequency in Urination
  • Dog Urolithiasis symptoms - Abdominal Pain

Treatment and Remedies - Canine Treatment of Dog Urolithiasis
The remedies and treatment of Dog Urolithiasis may include the treatment of dogs as follows:

  • Canine Urolithiasis treatment - Treatment for Bladder stones and infections should begin as soon as possible, as soon as any of the symptoms appear.
  • Canine Urolithiasis treatment - If Urolithiasis is left untreated it can lead to damage to the bodies other vital organs such as the kidneys.
  • Canine Urolithiasis treatment - Bladder stones are rarely life threatening and can be treated with the right diet and medication.
  • Canine Urolithiasis treatment - It is vital for the diagnosis to be confirmed by a veterinary surgeon so the correct treatment plan can be implemented. Initially an x-ray and possibly an ultrasound will be performed to establish the type of bladder stone.
  • The method of treatment is dependant on the type of bladder stone, some types of stones respond well to medication and can be dissolved while other types of bladder stones for example Calcium oxalate stones need to be removed surgically.

Dog Symptoms and Canine Health - Canine Insurance / Pet Health Insurance for Dog Urolithiasis
Pet Insurance for Dog Urolithiasis. Remember canine insurance / pet dogs health insurance for treatment of health and medical problems such as Dog Urolithiasis. Unexpected visits to the vet and veterinary treatments for your dogs and puppies due to illnesses such as Dog Urolithiasis can quickly add up so get quotes for canine health / pet insurance coverage for treatment due to accidents, treatment of illnesses, prescriptions, surgeries and possible hospitalization treatment for your dogs or puppy. Get the best deals for pet insurance from pet insurance comparison websites - make sure you get the best rates for canine health insurance to cover visits to the Vet for the diagnosis and treatment of unexpected ailments such as Dog Urolithiasis.

Disclaimer - Dog Urolithiasis Section of Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health Website
The sole purpose of the Dog Urolithiasis section on the Dog Symptoms and Canine Health website is to act as a reference guide to provide useful information to the owners of dogs and puppies. This article on Dog Urolithiasis is not intended to be used to diagnose or treat sick dogs or as a substitute for obtaining professional veterinary advice. Please remember that if you are in any doubt about your Dog's Health, or problems associated with Dog Urolithiasis, please consult your Canine Veterinary Specialist immediately for professional treatment. Your vet will diagnose whether Dog Urolithiasis is the problem and prescribe appropriate medication and treatment.

Treatment and Symptoms of Dog Urolithiasis
Dog Symptoms and Canine Health

Dog Urolithiasis Symptoms and Treatment

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Dog Urolithiasis

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