Dog Glaucoma

Treatment and Symptoms of Dog Glaucoma

Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health - Description of Dog Glaucoma

Description of Dog Glaucoma. The definition of Dog Glaucoma is explained as a build up of Aqueous Humor within the eye causing pressure. As a result the eye can become damaged. A normal eye contains fluid which is known as aqueous humor and this fluid is constantly being produced. To keep this fluid at a constant pressure inside the eye, the body is responsible for adding and removing fluid from from the eye.

If pressure increases usually because the fluid is not able to drain away then Glaucoma occurs. Unfortunately this is a very common disease in dogs. There are two types of Glaucoma, primary and secondary.

Dogs Symptoms & Canine Health Index


Symptoms of Dog Glaucoma

Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health - Dog Glaucoma - General Canine Observations
When you are worried about your pet dogs or puppies it is wise to make general observations and a note of your dog's general well-being before considering a health issue and problem such as Dog Glaucoma. Overall physical condition? Mental attitude? Appetite? Condition of bowels and urinary apparatus? The nose of healthy dogs or puppies is moist and cool but in sick dogs it is usually hot and dry. Hair loss? Dry skin? Discharges? These general observations are useful to consider whilst checking out the symptoms of Dog Glaucoma.

Primary Glaucoma - Primary glaucoma is genetic and is caused if the drainage pores within the eye are too small or narrow. This can stop the fluid from being able to drain effectively which in turns causes fluid and pressure to build up. Primary glaucoma is a bilateral disease, which simply means that once a diagnosis has been confirmed on one eye, the other eye will be affected usually between 6 and 24 months later. Certain breeds are more likely to suffer from primary glaucoma: Bassett Hounds, Beagles and Cocker Spaniels are particular prone to this condition and it usually develops between 2 and 3 years of age.

Secondary Glaucoma - Secondary glaucoma is the result of another condition. If the eye is physically damaged, the resulting scar tissue can affect or even block the drainage pores. Secondary Glaucoma can also be caused by a tumour, infection, or inflammation which could cause the drainage pores to narrow in size or get blocked.

Too much pressure inside the eye can cause damage the retina (located at the back of the eye and is essential for vision) and the optic nerve (responsible for carrying visual signals to the brain). Glaucoma needs to be treated immediately as it can lead to permanent loss of vision and in the worse case complete blindness.

Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health - Symptoms of Dog Glaucoma
Dog Glaucoma symptoms may include the following:

  • Dog Glaucoma symptoms - Cloudy Cornea
  • Dog Glaucoma symptoms - Bloodshot Eye
  • Dog Glaucoma symptoms - Eye Pain
  • Dog Glaucoma symptoms - Dilated Pupil
  • Dog Glaucoma symptoms - Sensitivity to light, Squinting

Treatment and Remedies - Canine Treatment of Dog Glaucoma
There is no cure for Glaucoma but it is vital that treatment is initiated as soon as possible to ensure that damage is minimal. As the pressure builds up, the optical nerve can become damaged which could lead to a permanent loss of vision. Treatment is dependant on whether primary or secondary glaucoma has been diagnosed.

With secondary glaucoma which is caused by another condition, an infection for example, antibiotics may be prescribed. In the case of a tumour, surgery may also be an option as well as pain relief medication. The treatment for primary Glaucoma is varied and can range from eye drops which reduce the amount of Aqueous Humor being produced or help with its flow being absorbed by the body to an injection of antibiotics and even surgery. Laser treatment is also an option to treat Glaucoma. In some cases, a shunt may be the treatment of choice. A shunt is a device which is surgically inserted into the eye with a small drainage tube to remove the fluid and stop the build up of pressure. If the sight has already been lost, then removal of the eye is another option with may be considered by the veterinary surgeon, a prosthetic eye can also be inserted.

Eye removal can be classified as one of the following There are three types:
Evisceration - This is where the internal eye contents are removed. The sclera remains with the extraocular muscles attached.
Enucleation - This is where the eyeball is removed but the eyelid and adjacent structures of the eye socket are left. This type of eye removal is usually necessary as a result of a tumour.
Exenteration - This is the most extreme type of eye removal. The entire contents of the eye socket including the eyeball, fat, muscles and in some cases the eyelids may also be removed. This type of removal usually occurs if cancer is detected.

The prognosis for a dog diagnosed with Canine Glaucoma depends on how early the condition is detected. If the dog is diagnosed before any damage has occurred to the eye then sight might not be lost, however with secondary glaucoma the condition that caused the condition must also be treated. It is vital that a dog is seen as soon as any of the above symptoms appear.

Dog Symptoms and Canine Health - Canine Insurance / Pet Health Insurance for Dog Glaucoma
Pet Insurance for Dog Glaucoma. Remember canine insurance / pet dogs health insurance for treatment of health and medical problems such as Dog Glaucoma. Unexpected visits to the vet and veterinary treatments for your dogs and puppies due to illnesses such as Dog Glaucoma can quickly add up so get quotes for canine health / pet insurance coverage for treatment due to accidents, treatment of illnesses, prescriptions, surgeries and possible hospitalization treatment for your dogs or puppy. Get the best deals for pet insurance from pet insurance comparison websites - make sure you get the best rates for canine health insurance to cover visits to the Vet for the diagnosis and treatment of unexpected ailments such as Dog Glaucoma.

Disclaimer - Dog Glaucoma Section of Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health Website
The sole purpose of the Dog Glaucoma section on the Dog Symptoms and Canine Health website is to act as a reference guide to provide useful information to the owners of dogs and puppies. This article on Dog Glaucoma is not intended to be used to diagnose or treat sick dogs or as a substitute for obtaining professional veterinary advice. Please remember that if you are in any doubt about your Dog's Health, or problems associated with Dog Glaucoma, please consult your Canine Veterinary Specialist immediately for professional treatment. Your vet will diagnose whether Dog Glaucoma is the problem and prescribe appropriate medication and treatment.

Treatment and Symptoms of Dog Glaucoma
Dog Symptoms and Canine Health

Dog Glaucoma Symptoms and Treatment

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  • Description of Dog Glaucoma
  • Symptoms of Dog Glaucoma
  • Treatment of Dog Glaucoma
  • Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health - Canine Health Insurance / Pet Insurance for treatment of Dog Glaucoma
  • Dog Glaucoma - When in doubt consult about your Dog's Health please consult your Canine Veterinary Specialist immediately for professional treatment
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Dog Glaucoma

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